Henry IV: The Righteous King

By Ian Mortimer

The proficient, convinced, and clever son of John of Gaunt, Henry IV began his reign as a favored and charismatic king after he dethroned the tyrannical and wildly unpopular Richard II. yet six years into his reign, Henry had survived 8 assassination and overthrow makes an attempt. Having damaged God’s legislation of primogeniture by way of overthrowing the guy many of us observed because the selected king, Henry IV left himself susceptible to demanding situations from robust enemies concerning the validity of his reign. nonetheless, Henry controlled to set up the hot Lancastrian dynasty and a brand new rule of law—in hugely turbulent times.

In this booklet, famous historian Ian Mortimer, writer of The Time Traveler’s advisor to Elizabethan London, explores the political and social forces that reworked Henry IV from his nation’s savior to its scourge.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Ian Mortimer is a British historian and old fiction writer. He holds a PhD from the college of Exeter and a Master’s measure from the collage of London, and is at present a Fellow of the Royal old Society. he's the writer of the Sunday instances best-selling e-book A Time Traveler’s advisor to Elizabethan London, as good as particular biographies of Roger Mortimer, First Earl of March, Edward III, Henry IV, and Henry V. he's renowned for constructing and selling the idea that Edward II didn't meet his lead to Berkeley citadel in 1327, as is held through traditional thought. His ancient fiction novel, the 1st publication within the Clarenceux Trilogy, was once released below the alias of James Forrester.

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Fifty five He used to be nonetheless there on 15 June yet left presently afterwards. fifty six He had received the warfare, because it have been. but Richard used to be nonetheless at the throne, and his fellow Appellants had proved themselves as vindictive because the king. in addition they now knew Henry wouldn't consistently believe them, nor stick with their counsel. He could keep on with his personal brain. whilst the time got here for Richard to hunt revenge, may all of them shield another? *** Henry left London in June 1388 with plans to struggle the Scots. fifty seven For a few, this may summon up an image of him struggling with on the conflict of Otterburn—‘the conflict gained by means of a useless man’—but in reality Henry used to be no longer there. as an alternative the identify we go along with that conflict is that of his cousin, Henry ‘Hotspur’ Percy, the inheritor of the earl of Northumberland. Hotspur had bought his nickname as a result of his speedy and bold escapades opposed to the Scots. He used to be the Warden of the East March, and therefore he was once in command whilst the Scots invaded Northumberland in past due July or early August. At Otterburn the Scottish commander, the earl of Douglas, was once mortally injured; yet prior to he died he ordered his physique to be hid underneath a bush and his banner to be borne into the thick of the scuffling with. because the conflict persisted into the night and after nightfall, or even through moonlight, so his males took middle and driven the English again. Hotspur’s brother, Ralph Percy, used to be badly wounded and Hotspur himself was once captured after a prolonged come upon with Sir John Montgomery. Given the involvement of 2 of his Percy cousins within the conflict, and considering the 3rd Percy brother, Thomas, used to be appearing as an middleman among John of Gaunt and Henry at the moment, it's going to now not were astonishing if Henry had meant to be at Otterburn. fifty eight in any case, he was once younger, and longing for motion. in spite of the fact that, Jean Froissart, who provides lots of the info we've for the crusade, doesn't point out Henry at Newcastle ahead of the conflict, even if he names a couple of leaders on each side. Nor does he point out him at Otterburn itself. fifty nine no less than, one could have anticipated the chronicler Henry Knighton to say Henry in his account of the conflict, if he were current. He doesn't. it sort of feels accordingly that he was once now not there, nor in anyway hooked up with Hotspur’s crusade. whilst the earl of Douglas invaded Northumberland, a moment Scottish strength below the earl of Fife invaded Westmorland and Cumberland, and wrought poor destruction in town of Appleby and plenty of of the villages within the area. This substitute box of hostilities could have been Henry’s vacation spot. the fellow answerable for the West March used to be Lord Beaumont, an eminent match fighter and Henry’s moment cousin two times over. besides the fact that, shut exam of the facts exhibits that Henry used to be now not there both. most likely, he didn't get extra than Nottingham. 60 His reason behind failing to arrive his vacation spot can have been his wife’s disorder, for approximately this time the doctor Geoffrey Melton was once summoned from Oxford to wait her at Kenilworth, to which position Henry now lower back.

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